This paper reviews the challenges and opportunities for transport in urban areas. It finds that the impact of transport on the people that live and work in cities goes beyond the benefits of mobility and the economic consequences of congestion. Poor air quality, ill health and road accidents from transport in urban areas all impose significant additional costs on society. Transport also significantly contributes to the negative experiences of urban streets and public spaces.
The evidence presented in this paper suggests a growing need for government to define a long-term vision for urban transport which rebalances its competing demands. Such a potential vision could be cities that
One of the main findings of this report is that the costs of poor air quality, accidents and physical inactivity in urban areas are broadly comparable with the costs of excess delays. The evidence supporting this finding is reviewed in a separate technical paper “The Wider costs of transport in English Urban areas in 2009” which is available below.
Reports are available in the following formats: