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Updating of previous Notices - PU 11a/07 Q&A - July 2007 and Notice to Exporters 2009/09 - 8 May 2009
This Notice replaces the previous notices on Iran which are now archived. This new notice updates all exporters with additional questions and answers concerning financial sanctions and trading with Bank Mellat and the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines (IRISL) following a statement issued by HM Treasury on 12 October 2009.
There are no further changes to the previous notice besides the additional questions.
The sanctions cover items, materials, equipment, goods and technology which could contribute to Iran’s enrichment-related, reprocessing or heavy water-related activities, or to the development of nuclear delivery systems. Indirect as well as direct export, sale, supply or transfer, are within the scope of the sanctions as are related assistance, training, investment, brokering and financing or financial assistance.
The sanctions also include an arms embargo and related ban on the provision of technical assistance and training for goods and technology on the military list, as well as a ban on related investment, brokering and financing or financial assistance.
The measures other than the arms embargo (deriving principally from UNSCR 1737 and Council Common Position 2007/140/CFSP as amended) are set out in Council Regulation (EC) No 423/2007 (relevant amending measures are Council Regulation (EC) No 618/2007; Commission Regulation (EC) No 116/2008; Commission Regulation (EC) No 219/2008 and Council Regulation (EC) No 1110/2008). Licensing and enforcement powers for this EU instrument are contained within the Export Control (Iran) Order 2007 (SI 2007/1526) (as amended by the Export Control (Iran) (Amendment) Order 2007 (SI 2007/2170) and the Export Control (Iran) (Amendment) Order 2008 (SI 2008/3063)).
The arms embargo (details of which are set out in UNSCR 1747 and Council Common Position 2007/140/CFSP as amended) is given effect through the normal licensing process for military goods under the Export Control Order 2008 (SI 2008/3231).
For more information see the Iran Sanctions page.
You can submit a rating request. Find out more about the Rating Enquiry Service.
To help you understand the process look at the Beginners Guide to Export Control.
We publish a list of organisations of concern in Iran. Inclusion in the Iran list will normally be the result of one or more of the following:
For the whole list see "Iran List".
This is, however, not an exhaustive list.It is important to note that entities not on the list may be of equal or greater concern but may not meet the criteria above.
In addition to the arms embargo in operation against Iran, for those items listed in Annex II to Council Regulation 423/2007, the Regulation states that a licence must not be issued if the items would contribute to:
For those items listed in Annex I or Annex IA to the Regulation there is an export prohibition unless the United Nations Sanctions Committee had determined in advance on a case-by-case basis that the transaction would not contribute to the development of technologies in support of Iran’s proliferation sensitive nuclear activities, nor the development of nuclear weapon delivery systems. This includes where such items are for food, agricultural, medical or other humanitarian purposes. There is also a provision that Iran must provide appropriate end-user guarantees and undertake not to use the items in proliferation sensitive nuclear activities or for development of nuclear weapon delivery systems.
Following the introduction of United Nations Security Council Resolutions and EU measures, the number of exports being stopped by HMRC increased. The ECO supports HMRC’s enforcement of export controls by assessing whether the items stopped by HMRC require an export licence. The advice service provided by the ECO to HMRC takes priority over all other licence applications and enquiries to reflect the impact that delays in this stage of the export process would have on the exporter’s business. Clearance of goods stopped at the port is particularly reliant on the information requested by HMRC being provided at the earliest opportunity and this ultimately relies on efficient and effective communication between the exporter and his shipper/freight forwarder/agent.
Yes. An EC Regulation is directly applicable and therefore any items that require authorisation under the EC Regulation may be seized and prosecutions considered under Customs law from the date the Regulation came into force.
You might, if they are controlled goods - the Regulation deals with a range of scenarios, not just direct export from the UK. For advice you should contact the ECO.
There can be no guarantees. Targeted sanctions will be strengthened if Iran continues to defy UN Security Council Resolutions relating to its nuclear programme. You will need to make your own judgement about political risks in view of your own circumstances. If you are a potential investor in Iran you will need to weigh up carefully the possible implications of committing yourself to long term investment in Iran.
You can’t be sure. Please check the website for updates, or, if necessary, seek further rating advice (see Question 3 above).
You should contact Karen Neal at UK Trade & Investment: e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
You should note however, that there are NO official services delivered on behalf of UK Trade & Investment in the market to help British companies who wish to export to or invest in Iran.
The UNSCRs and EU measures also include provisions in respect of procurement (including imports into the EU) of goods and technology from Iran.
Yes. The sanctions include a ban on the procurement (including import) of military goods from Iran.
The sanctions related to procurement are implemented by a mixture of Council Regulation (EC) No 423/2007 and the Export Control (Iran) Order 2007 (these deal with dual-use goods and technology listed in Annexes I and IA to the Regulation) and the Iran (United Nations Sanctions) Order 2009 (S.I.2009/886) (this deals with military goods and technology).
In the context of military goods and technology, the Iran (United Nations Sanctions) Order 2009 defines “procurement” as follows:
““Procurement” means procurement by whatever means, including but not limited to by purchase, import or transport, and including by using any ship, aircraft or vehicle to which article 4 of this Order applies.”
As to other goods and technology, Article 4 of Council Regulation (EC) No 423/2007 does not refer to “procurement” as such, but does make specific reference to “purchase”, “import” and “transport”.
Yes. The sanctions also apply to the transport of military goods by ship or aircraft registered in the UK or vehicles within the UK, used for carriage of military goods if the carriage is, or forms part of, carriage from Iran to any destination outside Iran.
Yes. There are a number of UK national controls on dual-use goods, software and technology listed in Schedule 3 of the Export Control Order 2008 that are specific to Iran.
(Added 17 July 2009)
If your export contract will require financial transactions with an Iranian individual, company or bank, you should check HM Treasury's guidance on the financial sanctions in force in the UK against Iran. Guidance can be found here - http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/fin_sanctions_iran.htm. You may also wish to check what your bank's policy is on conducting transactions with Iran before you enter into your contract, in order to check that they will be willing to receive payments on your behalf.
HM Treasury issued a direction on Monday 12 October 2009 to the UK financial sector to cease all business relationships and transactions with Bank Mellat and Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines (IRISL). HM Treasury has provided information at http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/fin_crime_policy.htm which you should review if you believe your firm will be affected by this direction.
If you are unsure about whether the direction will impact your firm, the question and answers below should be of assistance.
(Added 12 October 2009)
This will only be affected if you are intending to make a payment to or receive a payment from IRISL using a UK bank account. UK financial institutions are no longer permitted to engage in transactions or business relationships with either IRISL or Bank Mellat without a licence from HM Treasury. If you intend to transfer monies between your firm and either IRISL or Mellat using a UK bank, you will need to apply for a licence . Until the licence is granted, transactions will not be permitted to proceed.
(Added 12 October 2009)
This will be affected if you are intending to provide funds to, or receive funds from, Mellat (or one of its foreign branches) using a UK bank account. Banks in the UK will not be able to accept or make payment from or to Mellat without a HM Treasury granted licence. If you have requested your bank in the UK undertake transactions with Mellat, you should apply for a HM Treasury licence at http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/d/fin_crime_licence_app.pdf. Until the licence is granted, transactions will not be permitted to proceed.
Export Control Organisation
12 October 2009