Glossary of terms

Data discovery – is the process of finding out what data exists and how it can be accessed.

Dataset – factual data, structured or unstructured. In relation to public services, this data will typically have been collected as a by-product of delivery. This includes, for example, key public datasets about public services; user satisfaction data; and the performance of providers. For non-government bodies providing public services, information about aspects unrelated to the delivery of their public service function are not in scope.

Fixed costs – costs which do not vary with the level of activity in the short run.

Free for re-use – where there is no charge or fee to the user for the use or re-use of information.

Information – interpretation and analysis of data that when presented in context represents added value, message or meaning.

Marginal cost – the cost of providing one further unit of a good or service.

Licence – a permission by the copyright holder to reproduce or re-use material protected by copyright.

Open Data – Data which can be freely used, re-used and re-distributed by anyone.  In relation to public services, Open Data means data available under the terms of Open Government Licence. The presumption is that data about public services will be Open Data. It may be that some data held in relation to public services is made ‘available’, but is charged for.

PDC information – objective, factual, non-personal data and information which is collected and generated within the PDC or its constituent parts.

Public Sector Information – data and information collected by and/or held by a public body.

Public Task – public task information consists of information that a public sector body must produce, collect or provide to fulfil its core role and functions, whether these duties are statutory in nature or are established through custom and practice. The term ‘public task’ features in the Re-use of Public Sector Information Regulations 2005 (SI 2005 No. 1515) and the INSPIRE Regulations 2009 (SI 2009 No. 3157).

Raw data – data collected which has not been subjected to processing or any other manipulation.

Value-added information (or data) – raw data to which value has been added to enhance and facilitate its use and effectiveness for the user.

Re-use – any use of the information other than for the purpose it was originally created.

Trading Funds – a Government Department, executive agency, or part of a department, established as a trading fund by a Trading Fund Order made under the Government Trading Funds Act 1973. A trading fund has authority to use its receipts to meet its outgoings.

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